Here are my recommendations (not all of them are books, as I don't think books are the best learning resources): * Start Programming Using. Start Programming using Object Pascal Language - Free book in English by forum member motaz. Covers both Free Pascal and Lazarus. A Collection of Free Pascal and Delphi Programming Books.

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Pascal is an influential computer programming language named after the mathematician Blaise Pascal. It was invented by Niklaus Wirth in as a research. Turbo Pascal (TP) used to be probably the best first programming language to teach in the high school and at the first courses of the university. Another way to master the Pascal programming language is through books. They provide a cheaper, yet structured.

Outside of system programming it provides too much rope to hang yourself.

Books on Pascal

And while TP may not be the best answer it does demonstrate the limitations of C for general purpose programming and first of all low productivity and implicitly creates a set of nasty and subtle bugs and security vulnerabilities famous buffere overflows, etc. I guess that for applications like editors and file managers TP programmers are approximately twice as productive as their C counterparts.

The big advantage of Pascal was that one can use it in DOS on the cheapest PC possible and still get an excellent programming education. Moreover an excellent the TP 5.

Moreover they works well under Linux DOS emulation. And again I would like to stress that one could certainly accomplish a lot with Turbo Pascal on any PC with DOS really any, including a , if you can find one.

That means that Pascal is the most democratic introductory language ;- I would like to stress it again, Turbo Pascal, so to speak, is the most democratic language. And not only introductory one.

The advantage of Turbo Pascal is in providing the student with exercises which are enjoyable graphics, sound, etc. It is easy to imitate Logo style environment in Turbo Pascal.

And my experience as a professional educator proves that the task of generating musical tunes is an excellent way to teach loops may be one of the best approaches for teaching loops possible. I feel that the students will develop their own style and abilities much quicker in Turbo Pascal than in C.

Turbo Pascal is less complex, has much better compile time diagnostic and better string handling than C. Modula is one of the few languages that has coroutines support and thus can beat C in many tasks.

But who cares -- C is the king of the hill and nothing succeed like success ;-. C is also more realistic language than Turbo Pascal but it's a more complex and a lower level language structured assember. Anyone interested in becoming a decent programmer should learn both, but Turbo Pascal first!

Pascal Tutorial

It was designed as a high level assembler. Although historically Pascal was a negative reaction on the complexity of Algol 68, it's mainly " The Last of the Mohicans " of the Algol 60 family of languages -- a simple language derived from Algol 60 that was initially intended as a teaching language.

One of the explisit design goal was the speed of compilation so that you do not even need a linker.

If you wrote something as a negative reaction to the overcomplexity it's easy to run into another extreme. Actually a lot of verification zealots were promiscuous enough to became later object-oriented programming fundamentalists, so you better beware ;- But Wirth was a very talented language designer and despite some elements of structured programming fundamentalism and verification fundamentalism Pascal proved to be very useful language and has important descendants Modula-2 , Modula-3 , Ada, Turbo Pascal, Delphi, Oberon.

Online Resources

In fact, both C and Pascal served as a foundation for the whole family of the languages. Modula-2 is a great language. One of the few mainstream languages that implements coroutines.

Pascal[ edit ] Pascal was influenced by the ALGOL W efforts, with the explicit goals of producing a language that would be efficient both in the compiler and at run-time, allow for the development of well-structured programs, and to be useful for teaching students structured programming.

One of the early successes for language was the introduction of UCSD Pascal , a version that ran on a custom operating system that could be ported to different platforms. A key platform was the Apple II , where it saw widespread use.

This led to the use of Pascal becoming the primary high-level language used for development in the Apple Lisa , and later, the Macintosh. Parts of the original Macintosh operating system were hand-translated into Motorola assembly language from the Pascal sources. Apollo Computer used Pascal as the systems programming language for its operating systems beginning in Variants of Pascal have also been used for everything from research projects to PC games and embedded systems.

Newer Pascal compilers exist which are widely used. This led initially to Clascal , introduced in As the Lisa program faded and was replaced by the Mac, a further version known as Object Pascal was created.

This was introduced on the Macintosh in as part of the MacApp application framework , and became Apple's primary development language into the early s. The Object Pascal extensions were added to Turbo Pascal with the release of version 5.

Free Pascal is an open source, cross-platform alternative. Pascal has its roots in the ALGOL 60 language, but also introduced concepts and mechanisms which on top of ALGOL's scalars and arrays enabled programmers to define their own complex structured datatypes, and also made it easier to build dynamic and recursive data structures such as lists, trees and graphs.

Important features included for this were records, enumerations, subranges, dynamically allocated variables with associated pointers, and sets. To make this possible and meaningful, Pascal has a strong typing on all objects, which means that one type of data cannot be converted or interpreted as another without explicit conversions.

Similar mechanisms are standard in many programming languages today. Pascal, like many programming languages of today but unlike most languages in the C family , allows nested procedure definitions to any level of depth, and also allows most kinds of definitions and declarations inside subroutines procedures and functions.

This enables a very simple and coherent syntax where a complete program is syntactically nearly identical to a single procedure or function except for the heading, which has one of these three keywords. Niklaus Wirth reports that a first attempt to implement it in Fortran in was unsuccessful due to Fortran's inadequacy to express complex data structures. The second attempt was implemented in a C-like language Scallop by Max Engeli and then translated by hand by R.

Understand Pascal / Delphi Programming with Free Books

Schild to Pascal itself for boot-strapping. Many Pascal compilers since have been similarly self-hosting , that is, the compiler is itself written in Pascal, and the compiler is usually capable of recompiling itself when new features are added to the language, or when the compiler is to be ported to a new environment. The target was the ICL series. It is thought that Multum Pascal, which was completed in the summer of , may have been the first bit implementation.


A completely new compiler was completed by Welsh et al. It offered a source-language diagnostic feature incorporating profiling, tracing and type-aware formatted postmortem dumps that was implemented by Findlay and Watt at Glasgow University.

Gillies for the PDP and generated native machine code. The Pascal-P system[ edit ] To propagate the language rapidly, a compiler "porting kit" was created in Zurich that included a compiler that generated code for a "virtual" stack machine, i.

Pascal-P1 was the first version, and Pascal-P4 was the last to come from Zurich. The version termed Pascal-P1 was coined after the fact for the many different sources for Pascal-P that existed.

The compiler was redesigned to enhance portability, and issued as Pascal-P2. This code was later enhanced to become Pascal-P3, with an intermediate code backward compatible with Pascal-P2, and Pascal-P4, which was not backward compatible.

Pascal (programming language)

However, it only accepts a subset of the Pascal language.Pascal is the best language to learn programming with. Video Tutorials Sometimes reading articles to learn about Pascal can be quite laborious which is why you should check out the following video tutorials.

VI editor: Is there any one who can give me Lazarus code solution for the following system of linear equation: You you do not want to be tracked by Google please disable Javascript for this site. There are many benefits from this type of programming such as code reusability, partitioning code into readable modules and procedures, and help programmers work together on code simultaneously.

The best book I have seen.

Like this: This can be done by redefining the identifier in your new unit. Right for You?