Mother - Maxim Gorky yellow, square eyes. The mud plashed under their feet as if in mocking commiseration. Hoarse exclamations of sleepy. Project Gutenberg · 59, free ebooks · 35 by Maksim Gorky. Mother by Maksim Gorky. No cover available. Download; Bibrec. CLASSIC SOVIET NOVEL TRANSLATED IN ENGLISH, MAXIM GORKY.

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Maxim Gorky. 5. (3 Reviews). Mother by Maxim Gorky book is available for free download in a number of formats - including epub, pdf, azw, mobi and more. Mother. Maksim Gorky. This web edition published by [email protected] Last updated Wednesday, December 17, at To the best of our knowledge, . Mother- Maxim Gorky. Cover of Mother. Novel following the radicalisation of an uneducated young Russian woman,, MB.

There was a ban on the Russian literature, too. The intellectuals in India used to read the underground literature on Communist movement in English.

Some of the books were translated and distributed among Marathi readers. We find the reflection of Marxist ideology in the poetry, travelogues and essays written at that time. To them, art was a product of the socio-economic conditions under which it was produced, and the artist had certain social commitments. Many of his works, including the novel Mother, have been translated into Marathi.

Hadap in Phadake and Mr. Hadap also makes a statement that has its relevance even today. These words throw a true light on the good or bad relationship that existed between Art and life till today. Hadap adds that Art is a social process. The society gives birth to Art.

It gets nourished and developed through social tendencies.

Since art arises out of larger social framework and since society itself is striven by class differentiation, art carries within it that differentiation and class conflict.

In the words of Christopher Caudwell, an insightful writer of great acumen, the life of Maksim Gorky is a live example of how a mutually enriching bond can evolve between life and literature. Dange 40; trans.

Joshi writes about Gorky and his poetry, which is less known and discussed by the critics than the novels. Writing itself means a song. I write poetry every day. In the preface Mr.

Therefore, while reading this novel an Indian reader will certainly get a picture of current situation that exists here [in India]. Obviously, a worker-reader in India may feel this novel quite inspiring. Desai 4; trans. The preface makes it clear that the translation is literal and the reader has to be careful about a possible semantic loss.

आई \ Mother by Maxim Gorky

It mentions a common trend in translating novels from other languages into Marathi, especially the European ones. But the given translation does not follow the existing trend in the target language culture. He did not feel it appropriate and necessary to overlay this excellent book with his own colour of imagination. It is true that the Marathi readers may experience it unfamiliar to read the names of characters, specific customs in daily routine life etc.

However, it is not possible that they find it less interesting. Now a days a sympathetic view and a curiosity resulting from a sense of affinity has been emerged in Hindustan for Russia, the people in Russia, the history of revolutionary movement in Russia and the recent developments in Russia. Therefore, I feel that the readers may prefer the present method of translation.

The then contemporary reader was accustomed to adaptations of works from foreign languages, rather than their faithful translations. But in that case the translator was ready to reject the established model and use a new approach. This reminds us of the circumstances identified by Even-Johar.

The literary vacuum in Marathi for a work with a clear ideological stand made it possible for the translator to stick to his guns. The translation was made by V. The second edition of the book was published soon, in While writing on the novel Hadap says that there is a great difference in the Russian fiction writing and the world literature.

Russian prose writing is realistic. Russian writers honestly depict life as it is in reality. Being as imaginative as anyone else, they base their writing on facts. The translator changed the places and names of characters in the original text. Here the whole story takes an indianized look. The third version by V. Bhuskute came out in Marathi in It was published by Deshmukh ani Company, Pune.

It should be spread in millions of copies and hands. Bhuskute; my emphasis. The above highlighted words stress the colonial condition in India and the historical and social relevance of Gorky. The book has a long preface by the Marathi writer V. It is true that skillfulness is an important quality of writing. Yet it is an external quality. It can simply bring pleasure to eyes. The greatness an artistic work acquires is not from its polish, but from its strength — the vibrant liveliness in each and every nerve of it!

It quotes a well- known Marathi writer N. Phadake on his views of the novel. Still he did acknowledge that Mother was part of the immortal literature. He does not know the difference between Creation and Construction! He seems to have accepted a notion beneficial to himself that the strength of construction is superior to the power of creation.

Mother- Maxim Gorky

Looseness in the composition, lack of charm in the presentation, a condemnation of current social system at many places and vehement efforts to promote socialism… who will deny these defects?

But in Foma and Mother many a time he seems to have put his brush aside and taken a hammer instead. In fact, it was the social condition in Russia at that time, which was responsible for that. He was the first genius spokesman of the aspirations of workers and peasants. His hand holds a banner with the letters Class Struggle on it.

The inevitability of class struggle comes out through each page of this novel.

Gorky and Gandhi were born in the same year. On the contrary, Gandhiji accepted it and implemented it honestly in his personal and public life.

The same helpless situation of peasants and workers that existed in the Russia of young Gorky is seen again today in the Hindustan of old Gandhi. Gandhi too is making constant efforts in his own way to eradicate cruel economic inequality which forces a human being to lead a more shameful and dreary life than the beasts.

Those, who want to investigate his way of doing it impartially, may find the novel Mother quite useful. Though in Mother we see a depiction of workers in Russia, the sufferings of Dalit Hindi people are not different from them.

The minds of peasants and workers here are not different from those of their Russian brothers. All the ideas [of Gandhiji. Yet Hindustan can not forget that at this moment they are just ideas. On the background of real world depicted by Gorky in Mother, these ideas are certainly utopian and unscientific.

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It is the man who has always betrayed man. Nature is not the real enemy of common man. His strong enemy is the man, who gets nourished on his blood, builds his own freedom on his slavery, increases his own life span by his death, seems extra-ordinary to us due to his instruments like power and wealth and boasts of being his master. The struggle between these two different men has become inevitable today.

Nature of this war may change according to the country, time and circumstances. Khandekar 21 K. Its target reader was the common people. It also retains the original names of places and characters. It was a performance without artists Binpatri Prayog. With the help of sound and pictures, Mother was presented before spectators in the audio-visual form and was well received by various Marathi, as well as the English newspapers.

The script was published in book form in the same year. Book Stall, Mumbai published the sixth version of Mother in two parts in and , respectively. It came out as a one-volume book in In Feb. The same translation is available for the readers today. It opens with the preface by a Soviet literary critic Prof. Bursov, which narrates the literary journey of Gorky and the significance of his writings. The Marathi literary system discussed many aspects of the definition of Art and Creation.

Thus firstly, the novel reached the masses as a literary representation of a new ideology, a new trend. While connecting the readers to Russia, Russian people, and their history, the translation of the novel in Marathi related it to the contemporary situation in India. Secondly, the novel also contributed to Marathi culture by way of questioning the traditional image of Mother in Indian society.

So far, the image of Mother painted in Marathi literature has been that of a deity, always coloured either with a kind of mythological feminine power or with sacred maternal strength. However, in the twentieth century, as Partha Chatterjee argues, the image of Mother seems to loom large over the Indian struggle for freedom. She is not to be equated with the sacrosanct Hindu culture, or with the essence of a divine goddess to be put on the pedestal to be worshipped.

Marathi readers have been aware of the women participating in the struggle for freedom in India. But they did not have such a strong character of a revolutionary mother in Marathi novel before.

Thirdly, the novel has also contributed to Marathi polysystem as a guide in the political education of the masses. Many words and phrases from the field of politics were introduced to Marathi literary system through this novel. Mother- Maxim Gorky. Posted By Reddebrek Apr 27 Share Tweet.

Characterisation of Women in Maxim Gorky’s Novel "Mother". A Marxist Feminist Perspective

Related Working class literature: Every day the factory whistle bellowed forth its shrill, roaring, trembling noises into the smoke begrimed and greasy atmosphere of the workingmen's suburb. Attached files. Login or register to post comments.

Brexit or Not: Comments 4. Historical materialism - An anti-revolutionary theory of revolution. Comments 7. Info The libcom library contains nearly 20, articles. He depicts a revolutionary proletariat movement against the bourgeois social formation because he is traumatised, shocked and frustrated by the ignorance, poverty, sufferings of the proletarians and peasants as well as the plights of women.

He wants to establish Socialism in the tsarist Russian social formation. The novel presents a realist gloomy portrayal of the bleak living and working conditions of the factory settlement in which the daily life of the working classes filled with hardship, back-breaking labour, poverty and hard drunkenness.

The proletarians celebrated May Day in the form of the mass anti-capitalist protest.

The Tsarist authorities mercilessly crushed and dispersed their demonstration. Six of its leaders were sent to exile to death in Siberia in a trial. He made acquainted with his fellow-proletarians who introduced him with political literature.

He began engrossing on radical literature banned in the Tsarist regime. Maxim Gorky portrayed female characters with a revolutionary fervour and enthusiasm, projecting his socialist thoughts and dreams through them. Her thoughts and feelings are central to the plot of the novel. She was an incarnation of an illiterate peasant woman, Anna Zalomov, whom the author knew personally. A young worker, Pavel Zalomov began to think for himself and became involved in socialist revolutionary movement.

His mother, Anna, volunteering for the task of distributing political pamphlets, helped in her his revolutionary activity. Nilovna is a fictional person of Anna, whose development of personality started from domestic drudgery, obscurity and poverty to access class-consciousness in the interaction of the revolutionary struggle of the proletarians with whom she established comradeship. Her relation and reaction to the events and people in her life show a clear and vivid picture of her emergence as a revolutionary woman.

In fact, at the beginning, Nilovna is timid, shadowy and indeterminate personage. Her personality is subdued in favour of her alcoholic braggart husband, Mikhail Vlassov who violently beats her.

Pavel took his drunken lout of a father in both occupation and recreation after the death of his father. However, she has no feelings for her husband. She is fond of her son and thought of his betterment. What did I ever live for? Drudgery, beating; never saw anyone but my husband, never knew anything but fear!

For twenty years, I lived like that. Seizing her by the arm, he had dragged her out of bed on to the floor and kicked her inside.


Got out of here, you bitch!Even in a means that revealed affection and love he stays characterized. Lefevere, A. The struggle for its arrival, too, has not ended.

Aurangabad: Saket Prakashan, Luckily, there's a range of ways you can filter the library content to suit your needs, from casual browsing to researching a particular topic. It includes the translations of the Bible done by various missionaries with an the aim to spread the values of Christianity; the translations of educational texts carried out in order to introduce new educational system, and finally, the translations of popular literary works catering for the needs of common middle-class readers.

He does not know the difference between Creation and Construction! Nilovna is a fictional person of Anna, whose development of personality started from domestic drudgery, obscurity and poverty to access class-consciousness in the interaction of the revolutionary struggle of the proletarians with whom she established comradeship. New York.